Procedimentos de extração e recuperação de ligantes asfálticos: uma revisão da literatura

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14295/transportes.v30i1.2580

Palavras-chave:

Extração, Recuperação, Ligante asfáltico, Revisão de literatura

Resumo

São diversas as técnicas utilizadas para obtenção do ligante de misturas asfálticas, sejam produzidas em laboratório, usina, ou envelhecidas, provenientes da fresagem dos revestimentos (RAP). Além do controle tecnológico, os procedimentos visam recuperar da maneira mais íntegra possível esse material, a fim de caracterizá-lo e avaliar suas propriedades. Há, ainda, divergências entre pesquisadores quanto às variações das características intrínsecas do ligante asfáltico, após passar por procedimentos de extração e recuperação (ER). O presente artigo abordou as distintas técnicas de extração de ligantes, bem como de recuperação, usualmente empregadas. E discutiu como os procedimentos e os tipos de solventes podem afetar as propriedades químicas, físicas e reológicas de ligantes asfálticos recuperados. Constatou-se que o brometo de n-propila (BnP) e o blend de solventes clorados são alternativas mais vantajosas dentre os solventes avaliados, juntamente com as extrações automatizadas (recuperação de ligante) e por ignição (definição de teor), e da recuperação pelo rotavapor.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

AASHTO T 319 (2019) Quantitative Extraction and Recovery of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures. Washington, D.C.: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.

Abson, G. (1933) Method and Apparatus for the Recovery of Asphalt, Proceedings from ASTM II, 33, pp. 704–714.

Abu-Elgheit, M. A., Hancock, C. K. and Traxler, R. N. (1969) Effect of Selected Solvents on the Viscosities and Oxygen Contents of Asphalts, Analytical Chemistry, 41(6), pp. 823–826. DOI: 10.1021/ac60275a030.

Abu-Elgheit, M. A. and Ijam, M. J. (1982) Change in consistency and composition of trichloroethylene- and trichloroethane-treated asphalts, Talanta, 29(12), pp. 1131–1134. DOI: 10.1016/0039-9140(82)80232-4.

AbuHassan, Y. (2016) Effect of chemical solvents on rheological properties of recovered asphalt binders. Akron: Thesis (Master of Science). Graduate Faculty, University of Akron. DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2015.08.036.

AbuHassan, Y. et al. (2019) Effect of extraction solvents on rheological properties of recovered asphalt binders, Journal of Transportation Engineering, 145(1), pp. 1–10. DOI: 10.1061/JPEODX.0000096.

Ashqar, H. I. (2015) Evaluation of Polymer Modified Asphalt Binder Aging. Master Thesis. Escola de Engenharia, Universidade do Minho.

ASTM D2172 (2017) Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures, American Society for Testing and Materials. Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States: American Society for Testing and Materials. DOI: 10.1520/D2172.

ASTM D5404-12 (2012) Standard Practice for Recovery of Asphalt from Solution Using the Rotary Evaporator, ASTM Inter-national, West Conshohocken, PA, 12(Reapproved 2017), pp. 6–8. DOI: 10.1520/D5404.

ASTM D6307 (2019) Standard Test Method for Asphalt Content of Asphalt Mixture by Ignition Method. West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials. DOI: 10.1520/D6307-19.

ASTM D8159 (2019) Standard Test Method for Automated Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures, American Society for Testing and Materials. Montgomery, Pennsylvania, United States: American Society for Testing and Materials. DOI: 10.1520/D8159-19.

Behrens, M. L., Dvorak, B. I. and Woldt, W. E. (1999) Comparison of Asphalt Extraction Procedures, Transportation Research Record, 1661(1), pp. 46–53. DOI: 10.3141/1661-08.

Bouraima, M. B. et al. (2017) Effect of Extraction Residue on the Properties of Asphalt Binders, Global Journal of Researches in Engineering, 17(2).

Burr, B. L. et al. (1990) Solvent Removal from Asphalt, Transportation Research Record, 1269.

Burr, B. L. et al. (1991) Asphalt Hardening in Extraction Solvents, Transportation Research Record, 1323, pp. 70–76. Available at: internal-pdf:/Asphalt hardening in extraction solvents.pdf.

Burr, B. L. et al. (1994) Softening of Asphalts in Dilute Solutions at Primary Distillation Conditions, Transportation Research Record, (1436), pp. 47–53.

Carey, D. E. and Paul, H. R. (1982) Evaluation of Asphalt Cement Extraction and Recovery Methods. Louisiana Department of Transportation. DOI: 10.1520/stp24077s.

Collins-Garcia, H. et al. (2000) Alternative solvent for reducing health and environmental hazards in extracting asphalt: An evaluation, Transportation Research Record, (1712), pp. 79–85. DOI: 10.3141/1712-10.

Cronkite, E. P. (1961) Evidence for radiation and chemicals as leukemogenic agents, Archives of environmental health, 3(April 2015), pp. 297–303. DOI: 10.1080/00039896.1961.10663025.

Davidson, R. R. et al. (1989) Development of Gel Permeation Chromatography, Infrared and Other Tests to Characterize Asphalt Cements and Correlate with Field Performance. Austin: FHWA/TX-90/458-lF.

EN 12697-1 (2020) Bituminous mixtures - Test methods for hot mix asphalt - Part 1: Soluble binder content. Brussels: Comité Européen de Normalisation.

EN 12697-3 (2018) Mélanges Bitumineux - Méthodes d’essai - Partie 3: extraction des bitumes à l’évaporateur rotatif. Brussels: Comité Européen de Normalisation.

Ferreira, Escalante, M. L. and Tucceri, M. E. (2015) Caracterización estructural, espectroscópica y termoquímica del C2CL4 de interés medioambiental., Reportes Científicos de la FACEN, 6(2), pp. 22–31.

Forni, A. and Moreo, L. (1969) Chromosome studies in a case of benzene-induced erythro-leukaemia, European Journal of Cancer, 5(5), pp. 459–463. DOI: 10.1016/0014-2964(69)90099-1.

Ge, D. et al. (2017) Using DSR and FTIR to Evaluate Asphalt Binder Extracted and Recovered from Asphalt Mixtures’, in 1st Congress on Technical Advancement. Duluth: Congress on Technical Advancement, pp. 89–105.

Ge, D. et al. (2019) The performance of asphalt binder with trichloroethylene: Improving the efficiency of using reclaimed asphalt pavement, Journal of Cleaner Production, 232, pp. 205–212. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.164.

Gonçalves, B. C. S. et al. (2020) Avaliação da centrífuga rotarex na determinação do teor de ligante e granulometria de dife-rentes concretos asfálticos, Transportes, 28(3), pp. 75–90. DOI: 10.14295/transportes.v28i3.1841.

Hagen, A. P. et al. (1984) Characterization of Asphalt by Solubility Profiles, in Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists Pro-ceedings. Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists Proceedings, pp. 119–137.

Hospodka, M., Hofko, B. and Blab, R. (2018) Impact of distillation temperature on the solvent residue and viscoelastic proper-ties of asphalt binders, Road Materials and Pavement Design, 19(6), pp. 1275–1287. doi: 10.1080/14680629.2017.1304234.

Hugener, M. and Pittet, M. (2016) Extraction and recovery of polymer modified bitumen, in 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress. Prague, Czech Republic: 6th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress. DOI: 10.14311/ee.2016.082.

Lemmon, E. W., McLinden, M. O. and Friend, and D. G. (2017) NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database, NIST Chemistry WebBook. DOI: 10.18434/T4D303.

McDaniel, R. et al. (2000) Recommended Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in the Superpave Mix Design Method. Washington, D.C.: National Cooperative Highway Research Program.

Mehta, Y. et al. (2012) High Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement in Hot Mix Asphalt. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Mikhailenko, P., Ataeian, P. and Baaj, H. (2019) Extraction and recovery of asphalt binder: a literature review, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 13(1), pp. 20–31. DOI: 10.1007/s42947-019-0081-5.

Mikhailenko, P. and Baaj, H. (2017) Survey of Current Asphalt Binder Extraction and Recovery Practices, in. St. John’s: Con-ference of the Transportation Association of Canada.

Mikhailenko, P., Webber, G. and Baaj, H. (2019) Evaluation of solvents for asphalt extraction, Road Materials and Pavement Design (online), 0(0), pp. 1–12. DOI: 10.1080/14680629.2019.1661277.

Mouillet, V. et al. (2013) Extraction des liants d’un enrobé bitumineux pour caractérisation du liant récupéré: Méthode d’essai n83. Nantes: Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de L’amenagement et des Reseaux - IFSTTAR.

Nösler, I., Tanghe, T. and Soenen, H. (2008) Evaluation of binder recovery methods and the influence on the properties of polymer modified bitumen, in 4h Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress. Copenhagen: E&E Conference, pp. 1–12.

Piérard, N., Vansteenkiste, S. and Vanelstraete, A. (2010) Effect of extraction and recovery procedure on the determination of PMB content and on the properties of the recovered binder, Road Materials and Pavement Design, 11(December 2014), pp. 251–279. DOI: 10.1080/14680629.2010.9690334.

Radenberg, M. and Manke, R. (2011) Ermittlung des Bindemittelgehaltes von Asphalt mit g ummimodifiziertem Bindemittel. Edited by R.-U. Bochum. Bochum: Abschlussbericht zum FE 07.0247/2011/AGB.

Rodezno, C. and Julian, G. (2018) Asphalt Binder Extraction Protocol for Determining Amount & PG Characteristics of Binders Recovered from Asphalt Mixtures. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation.

Shirodkar, P. et al. (2010) Impact of Different Extraction Recovery Method on Allowable Percentage of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP), in GeoShanghai International Conference. Shanghai: 2010 GeoShanghai International Conference - Paving Materials and Pavement Analysis, pp. 75–81. DOI: 10.1061/41104(377)10.

Stenens, Y.-W. and Eisenmann, C. (1997) Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene. Atlanta, Georgia: Agency for Toxic Sub-stances and Disease Registry.

Stroup-Gardiner, M. and Nelson, J. W. (2000) Use of Normal Propyl Bromide Solvents for Extraction and Recovery of Asphalt Cements. Auburn: National Center for Asphalt Technology of Auburn University.

Vigliani, E. C. and Saita, G. (1964) Benzene and Leukemia, The New England Journal of Medicine, 271(17), pp. 872–876. DOI: 10.1056/nejm196410222711703.

Wakefield, A. et al. (2018) A Review of Solvent Extraction-Recovery Procedures and their Effect on Recovered Asphalt Binder Properties A Review of Solvent Extraction-Recovery Procedures and their Effect on Recovered Asphalt Binder Properties, in. Victoria: Canadian Technical Asphalt Association Conference, pp. 476–496.

Zaumanis, M., Mallick, R. B. and Frank, R. (2014) 100% recycled hot mix asphalt: A review and analysis, Resources, Conserva-tion and Recycling, 92, pp. 230–245. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.07.007.

Ziyani, L. et al. (2017) Bitumen extraction and recovery in road industry: A global methodology in solvent substitution from a comprehensive review, Journal of Cleaner Production, 161, pp. 53–68. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.05.022.

Downloads

Publicado

28-03-2022

Como Citar

S. Pinheiro, G. ., & Vasconcelos, K. (2022). Procedimentos de extração e recuperação de ligantes asfálticos: uma revisão da literatura. TRANSPORTES, 30(1), 2580. https://doi.org/10.14295/transportes.v30i1.2580