Melhorando projeto geométrico de estradas através de uma técnica de visualização em realidade virtual




Projeto de Rodovia, Simulador de Direção, Realidade virtual imersiva


Acidentes de trânsito muitas vezes poderiam ser evitados com estudos mais aprofundados do tráfego e do traçado geométrico, usando, por exemplo, simuladores de direção para simular as condições do trânsito. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar qualitativamente três tipos de técnicas de visualização para examinar um projeto rodoviário, uma em um projeto impresso em 2D e as outras usando um simulador de direção em um sistema de imersão virtual e visualização em tela. Os resultados foram avaliados pelo método Analytic Hierarchy Process-AHP, utilizado para estabelecer diferentes pesos para as variáveis analisadas. Para isso, foi aplicado um questionário aos alunos de graduação em Engenharia Civil para comparar as técnicas. Os resultados mostram que a visualização em simulação imersiva tem qualidade suficiente e pode contribuir muito para a validação de projetos geométricos.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Ahlström, C., Anund, A., Fors, C. and Åkerstedt, T., (2018) The effect of daylight versus darkness on driver sleepiness: a driving simulator study. Journal of Sleep Research, v.27, n.3, p. 1-9. DOI: 10.1111/jsr.12642. DOI:

Babić, D. and Brijs, T., (2021) Low-cost road marking measures for increasing safety in horizontal curves: A driving simulator study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, v. 153, p. 106013, DOI: DOI:

Bacchieri, G. and Barros, A. J. D., (2011) Traffic accidents in Brazil from 1998 to 2010: many changes and few effects. Revista de Saúde Pública, v. 45, n. 5, p. 949-963, DOI: DOI:

Bassani, M., Catani, L., Salussolia, A. and Yang, C., (2019) A driving simulation study to examine the impact of available sight distance on driver behavior along rural highways. Accident Analysis & Prevention, v. 131, n. 1, p. 200-212, DOI: DOI:

Bella, F., (2009) Can driving simulators contribute to solving critical issues in geometric design? Transportation research record, v. 2138 n. 1, p. 120-126 DOI: DOI:

Blissing, B., Bruzelius, F. and Eriksson, O., (2022) The Effects on Driving Behavior When Using a Head-mounted Display in a Dynamic Driving Simulator. ACM Transactions on Applied Perception, v. 19, n. 1, p. 1-18, DOI: DOI:

Chang, X., Li, H., Qin, L., Rong, J., Lu, Y. and Chen, X. (2019) Evaluation of cooperative systems on driver behavior in heavy fog condition based on a driving simulator. Accident Analysis & Prevention, v. 128, n. 1, p. 197-205, DOI: DOI:

CLIP, T., (2017) CLIP: Sistema integral para el deseño, evaluación y control de ejecución de obras lineales. [Online] Available at: [Acesso em 25 março 2022].

DataGeosis, O., (2005) O software de Topografia e Geodésia. [Online] Available at: [Acesso em 25 março 2022].

Difei, J., Cancan, S., Zhongyin, G. and Ran, L., (2021) Influence of the median opening length on driving behaviors in the crossover work zone - A driving simulation study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, v. 82, p. 333-347, DOI: DOI:

Dużmańska, N., Strojny, P. and Strojny, A., (2018) Can Simulator Sickness Be Avoided? A Review on Temporal Aspects of Simulator Sickness. Frontiers in Psychology, v. 9, p. 1-14, DOI: DOI:

Farahmand, B. and Boroujerdian, A. M., (2018) Effect of road geometry on driver fatigue in monotonous environments: A simulator study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, v. 58, n.1, p. 640-651 DOI: DOI:

Farooq, D., Moslem, S. and Duleba, S., (2019) Evaluation of Driver Behavior Criteria for Evolution of Sustainable Traffic Safety. Sustainability, v.11, n. 11, p. 3142, DOI: DOI:

Gaweesh, S. M., Bakhshi, . A. K. and Ahmed, M. M., (2021) Safety Performance Assessment of Connected Vehicles in Mitigating the Risk of Secondary Crashes: A Driving Simulator Study. Transportation Research Record, v. 2675, n.12, p. 117-129, DOI: DOI:

Hammad, H. M., Ashraf, M., Abbas, F., Bakhat, H. F., Qaisrani, S. A., Mubeen, M., Fahad, F. and Awais, M., (2019) Environmental factors affecting the frequency of road traffic accidents: a case study of sub-urban area of Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 26, n.1, p. 11674 –11685, DOI: DOI:

Hussain, Q., Almallah, M., Alhajyaseen, W. K. and Dias, C., (2020) Impact of the geometric field of view on drivers’ speed perception and lateral position in driving simulators. Procedia Computer Science, v. 170, p. 18-25, DOI: DOI:

Jayaram, S., Connacher, H. I. and Lyons, K. W., (1997) Virtual assembly using virtual reality techniques. Computer-Aided Design, v. 29, n.8, p. 575-584, DOI: DOI:

Jeong, H. and Liu, Y., (2019) Effects of non-driving-related-task modality and road geometry on eye movements, lane-keeping performance, and workload while driving. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, v. 60, p. 157-171, DOI: DOI:

Limpert, R., (2021) Motor vehicle accident reconstruction and cause analysis. 1 ed. Alemanha: 7th Edition.

Liu, T. and Xu, J., (2019) The influence rule of highway curve radius on speed perception and operating speed. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, v.371, n.2, p. 022080, DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/371/2/022080. DOI:

Liu, Y., Castronovo, F., Messner, J. and Leicht, R., (2020) Evaluating the Impact of Virtual Reality on Design Review Meetings. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, v.34, n.1, p. 1-13, DOI: DOI:

Moslem, S., Farooq, D., Ghorbanzadeh, O. and Blaschke, T., (2020) Application of the AHP-BWM Model for Evaluating Driver Behavior Factors Related to Road Safety: A Case Study for Budapest. Symmetry, v. 12, n. 2, p. 243-254, DOI: DOI:

Mutar, H. S., Abduljabbar, A. S. and Mohammed, A. A., (2021) The Effect Of Mobile Phone Use While Driving On Response Time: Driving Simulator Study. Engineering and Technology Journal, v. 39, n. 12, p. 1806-1813, DOI: DOI:

Rift, O., (2017) VR Headset for VRs Ready PCs. [Online] Available at: [Acesso em 25 março 2022].

Ruiz, D. B., Saloman, V. A. P., Marins, F. A. S., Palominos, P., Marrone, L. A., (2021) State of the art review on the analytic hierarchy process and urban mobility. Mathematics, v. 9, p. 3179, DOI: DOI:

Saaty, T. L., (1977) A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. Journal of mathematical psychology, v. 15, p. 234-281, DOI: DOI:

Saaty, T. L., (1983). Priority setting in complex problems. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, v. 3, p. 140-155, DOI: DOI:

Scalco, L., Bordin, F., de Souza, E. M., Racolte, G., Marques Jr, A., Cunto, F. J. C., Silveira Jr, L., G., and Veronez, M. R. (2022) Driver behavior analysis on a curve through immersive simulation and a segmented regression model. TRANSPORTES, v. 30, n. 1, 2548. DOI: DOI:

Shi, Y., Boffi, M., Piga, B. E. A., Mussone, L. and Cruso, G. (2022) Perception of driving simulations: Can the Level of Detail of virtual scenarios affect the drivers behavior and emotions. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, v. 71, n. 4, p. 1-15, DOI: DOI:

TOOL, S., s.d. CLIP. [Online] Available at: [Acesso em 22 março 2022].

Unity, 3. G. E., (2016). Our digital humans are evolving. [Online] Available at: Acesso em 25 março 2022].

Walch, M., Frommel, J., Rogers, K., Schussel, F., Hock, P., Dobbelstein, D. and Weber, M. (2017) Evaluating VR Driving Simulation from a Player Experience Perspective. Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, p. 2982–2989 DOI: DOI:

Weidner, F., Hoesch, A., Poeschl, S. and Broll, W., (2017) Comparing VR and Non-VR Driving Simulations: An Experimental User Study. IEEE Xplore, p. 281-282, DOI: DOI:

Wynne, R. A., Beanland, V. and Salmon, P. M., (2019) Systematic review of driving simulator validation studies. Safety Science, v. 117, n. 1, p. 138-151, DOI: DOI:

Yadav, A. K. and Velaga, N. R., (2019) Effect of alcohol use on accelerating and braking behaviors of drivers. TRAFFIC INJURY PREVENTION, v. 20, n. 4, p. 353-358, DOI: DOI:

Zolali, M., Mirbaha, B., Layegh, M. and Behnood, H. R., (2021) A Behavioral Model of Drivers’ Mean Speed Influenced by Weather Conditions, Road Geometry, and Driver Characteristics Using a Driving Simulator Study. Advances in Civil Engineering, v. 2021, p. 1-18, DOI: DOI:




Como Citar

Scalco, L., Bordin, F., Menezes de Souza, E., Brum, D. ., Racolte, G., Marques Jr, A., Gonzaga da Silveira Jr, L. ., & Roberto Veronez, M. (2023). Melhorando projeto geométrico de estradas através de uma técnica de visualização em realidade virtual. TRANSPORTES, 31(1), e2838.