Locating on-street loading and unloading spaces by means of mixed integer programming

Bruno Prata, Leise Oliveira, Thiago Holanda

Resumo


Em um sistema de distribuição de carga urbana, é necessária a determinação do número e da localização dos locais de carga e descarga para regular as operações de carga e descarga. Este artigo apresenta modelos matemáticos para a localização do espaço de carga e descarga na rua com base no problema de cobertura e formulação de problemas de p-mediana. A abordagem foi testada com dados reais: uma área tem 160 quadras e 60 áreas de carga e descarga, em Fortaleza, Brasil. Avaliamos quatro cenários considerando diferentes raios de influência das áreas de carga/descarga. Os resultados indicam que esta abordagem tem potencial para obter ganhos em termos de redução da distância entre os clientes e os locais de carga e descarga: considerando que a distância média é um indicador de desempenho (relação entre a distância total e os clientes cobertos), um raio de influência de 400 metros tem melhor relação (0.489) e todos os clientes estão cobertos. Os resultados indicam que o modelo pode ser usado pelos planejadores para alocar áreas de carga e descarga.

Palavras-chave


Transporte urbano de cargas, Áreas de carga e descarga, Programação inteira mista, Problema de localização de facilidades.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


Absi, N.; D. Feillet; T. Garaix e O. Guyon (2012) The city logistics facility location problem. In ROADEF 2012: 13ème congrès annuel de la Société française de Recherche Opérationnelle et d’Aide à la Décision, Angers (France).

Aiura, N. e E. Taniguchi (2005) Planning on-street loading-unloading spaces considering the behavior of pickup-delivery vehicles. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, v. 6, p. 2963-2974. DOI: 10.11175/easts.6.2963

Allen, J.; M. Browne; T. Cherrett e F. McLeod (2008) Review of UK Urban Freight Studies. Green logistics project. London, Uni-versity of Westminster and University of Southampton.

Antun, J. P.; A. Lozano; R. Hernandéz; R. Alarcón e E. Taniguchi (2007) New trends on physical distribution logistics in Mexico City Metropolitan Area. In: Fifth International Conference on City Logistics, Crete Island (Greece).

BESTUFS (2007) Good practice guide on urban freight transport. Rijswijk, Netherlands, Bestufs.

Boussier, J. M.; T. Cucu; L. Ion e D. Breuil (2010) Simulation of goods delivery process. In 8th International Conference on Logis-tics and SCM Research. Bordeaux (France).

Brasileiro, L. A.; T. A. Rosin; C. F. Ascenção e G. F Marrafão (2014) Parking for loading and unloading vehicles in urban area. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology, v. 3, n. 5, p. 140–144.

Browne, M.; M. Piotrowska; A. Woodburn e J. Allen (2007) Literature Review WM9: Part I — Urban Freight Transport. London: University of Westminster.

CIVITAS (2010) Cleaner and better transport in cities. Policy advice note: Logistics and freight transportation.

Comi, A.; P. D. Site; F. Filippi e A. Nuzzolo (2012) Urban freight transport demand modelling: a state of the art. European Transport, v. 51, n.7, p. 1–17.

Crainic, T. G.; M. Gendreau e J. Y. Potvin (2009) Intelligent freight-transportation systems: assessment and the contribution of operations research. Transportation Research Part C, v.17, n.6, p. 541–557. DOI: 10.1016-j.trc.2008.07.002

Crainic, T. G.; N. Ricciardi e G. Storchi (2004) Advanced freight transportation systems for congested urban areas. Transporta-tion Research Part C, v. 12, n.2, p. 119–137. DOI: 10.1016-j.trc.2004.07.002

Czerniak, R. J.; J. S. Lahsense e A. Chatterjee (2000) Urban freight movement – What form will it take? Transportation in the New Millennium: State of the Art and Future Directions. Washington, DC, Transportation Research Board.

Dablanc, L. (2007) Goods transport in large European cities: Difficult to organize, difficult to modernize. Transportation Re-search Part A, v. 41, n.3, p. 280–285. DOI: 10.1016-j.tra.2006.05.005

Dablanc, L. (2009) Freight transport for development toolkit: urban freight. Washington, DC,The World Bank.

Dasburg, N. e J. Schoemaker (2006) D5.2 Quantification of Urban Freight Transport Effects. II. Best urban freight solutions II. Technical Report.

Facchini, D. (2006) Analysis of the Perception of Actors Involved in Urban Freight Transport in Porto Alegre. Dissertation. Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre.

Figliozzi, M. A. (2007) Analysis of the efficiency of urban commercial vehicle tours: data collection, methodology, and policy implications. Transportation Research Part B, v. 41, n. 9, p. 1014–1032. DOI: 10.1016-j.trb.2007.04.006

Jaller, M.; J. Holguín-Veras e S. D. Hodge (2013) Parking in the city: challenges for freight traffic. Transportation Research Record, 2379 n.1, p. 46–56. DOI: 10.3141/2379-06.

Janet, H. F. (2004) On-street parking in Hong Kong. Dissertation (Transport Policy and Planning). University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Klose, A. e A. Drexl. (2005) Facility location models for distribution system design. European Journal of Operational Research, 162, p. 4–29, 2005. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2003.10.031.

Larson, R. C. e A. R. Odoni (1981) Urban operations research. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Lima, A. C. B.; D. C. Holanda; R. A. Lopes e N. G. S. (2005) Considerations of implementing urban distribution centers: the case of Fortaleza. In XIX Congresso Brasileiro de Pesquisa e Ensino em Transportes, Recife (Brazil).

Loureiro, S. A.; C. L. Barbosa e O. F. Lima Junior (2012) Procedure for location and allocation of loading and unloading spaces in urban centers. In XXVI Congresso Nacional de Pesquisa e Ensino em Transportes. Joinville (Brazil)

Marcucci, E. e E. Musso (2010) Urban Freight Modelling and Policy Analysis. In Van de Voorde, E.; T. Vanelslader (eds.), Ap-plied transport economics: A management and policy perspective. Antwerp, de Boeck.

McLeod, F. e T. Cherrett (2011) Loading bay booking and control for urban freight. International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, v. 14, n.6, p. 385–397. DOI: 10.1080-13675567.2011.641525

Munuzuri, J.; J. Larraneta; L. Onieva e P. Cortés (2005) Solutions applicable by local administrations for urban logistics im-provement. Cities, v. 22, n.1, p. 15–28. DOI: 10.1016-j.cities.2004.10.003

Giuliano, G.; O’Brien, T.; Dablanc, L. e K. Holliday (2013) Synthesis of freight research in urban transportation planning. Pro-ject NCFRP v. 36, n.5. DOI: 10.17226/22573.

OECD (2003). Delivering the goods: 21st century challenges to urban goods transports. Paris, OECD.

Ogden, K. W. (1992) Urban goods movement: a guide to policy and planning. England, Ashgate.

Oliveira, L. K.; A. S. Braga e B. R. A. Abreu (2010) Relevant Attributes in Overnight Goods Delivery: Researchers’, Transporters’ and Retailers’ Preference in Urban Distribution. In: 12th WCTR, July 11-15, 2010, Lisbon, Portugal.

Oliveira, L. K. (2014) Diagnosis of loading and unloading spaces for urban freight distribution: a case study in Belo Horizonte. Journal of Transport Literature, v. 8, n.1, p. 178–209. DOI: 10.1590-S2238-10312014000100009 [in Portuguese].

Oliveira, L. K. e V. A. Correia (2014) Proposed methodology to evaluate the benefits of an urban distribution center for miti-gation of city logistics problems. Journal of Transport Literature, v. 8, n. 4, p. 109–145. DOI: 10.1590-2238-1031.jtl.v8n4a5 [in Portuguese].

Oliveira, L. K. e E. D. Guerra (2014) A diagnosis methodology for urban goods distribution: a case study in Belo Horizonte City (Brazil). Procedia — Social and Behavioral Sciences, v. 125, n.20, p. 199–211. DOI: 10.1016-j.sbspro.2014.01.1467

Pivo, G.; D. Carslon; M. Kitchen e D. Billen (2002) Learning from truckers: truck drivers´ views on the planning and design of urban and suburban centers. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, v. 19, n.1, p.12–29. DOI: 10.1.1.641.747.

ReVelle, C. e H. A. Eiselt (2005) Location analysis: a synthesis and survey. European Journal of Operational Research, n. 165, p. 1–19. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2003.11.032.

Schroeder, S.; M. Zilske; G. Liedtke e K. Nagel (2014) Towards a multi-agent logistics and commercial transport model: the transport service provider’s view. Procedia — Social and Behaviorial Sciences, n. 39, p. 649–663. DOI: 10.1016-j.sbspro.2012.03.137

Sittipong, D.; L. Chulin e R. Pongvuthithum (2014) Applied p-median and p-center algorithms for facility location problems. Expert Systems with Applications, n. 41, p. 3596–3604. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2013.11.046.

Tamagawa, D.; E. Taniguchi e T. Yamada (2010) Evaluating city logistics measures using a multi-agent model. Procedia — Social and Behavioral Sciences, n. 2, p. 6002–6012. DOI: 10.1016-j.sbspro.2010.04.014.

Taniguchi, E. e R. E. C. M. van der Heijden (2000) An evaluation methodology for city logistics. Transportation Reviews, v. 20, n. 1, p. 65–90. DOI: 10.1080-014416400295347.

Taniguchi, E. e D. Tamagawa (2005) Evaluating city logistics measures considering the behavior of several stakeholders. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, n. 6, p. 3062–3076. DOI: 10.1.1.583.7868.

Taniguchi, E.; R. G. Thompson e Y. Tadashi (2003) Predicting the effects of city logistics schemes. Transport Reviews, v. 23, n. 4, p. 489–515. DOI: 10.1080-01441640210163999.

Taniguchi, E. (2012) Concept and best practices of city logistics. International Transport Forum. Lecture. Leipzing, 2 may 2012.

Taniguchi, E.; R. G. Thompson e T. Yamada (2014) Recent trends and innovations in modelling city logistics. Procedia — Social and Behavioral Sciences, n. 125, p. 4–14. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1451.

Taniguchi, E.; R. G. Thompson; T. Yamada e H. R. V Duin (2001) City logistics: network modelling and intelligent transport sys-tems. Oxford, Pergamon.

Visser, J.; A. Binsbergen e T. Nemoto (1999) Urban freight transport policy and planning. First International Symposium on City Logistics, Cairns, Australia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/transportes.v26i1.1051

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Direitos autorais 2018 Bruno Prata, Leise Oliveira, Thiago Holanda

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

TRANSPORTES (ISSN: 2237-1346) é uma publicação da ANPET - Associação Nacional de Pesquisa e Ensino em Transportes (www.anpet.org.br)

 

Licença Creative Commons

Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional.